Thursday, October 20, 2016



Amoebiasis is an infection of the large intestine produced by Entamoeba histolytica.

There are 7 species of amoeba that naturally parasitize the human mouth and intestine, but of these only E. histolytica causes disease. The organism may behave as a parasite (by harming the host) or as a commensal (when it does no harm to the host).


Worldwide distribution

It is estimated that 10% of the world’s population is infected with amoebae. More prevalent in tropical areas where invasive amoebic infection is common. The presence of pathological zymodemes in tropics and poor sanitation is responsible for this state of affairs.

Sunday, October 9, 2016

Cranial Nerve Examination

Before starting, prepare :

1. Snellen’s chart
2. Ophthalmoscope
3. Tuning fork
4. Tongue depressor & cotton bud
5. Cotton & pin
6. Torch light
7. Tendon hammer

Sit the patient over the edge of the bed.

Before going to specific cranial nerve examination, do GENERAL INSPECTION - for any abnormalities.
  • Ptosis
  • Proptosis
  • Facial asymmetry
  • Pupils - size, shape, equality (if possible)
  • Hydrocephalus, Acromegaly, Skew deviation of the eyes

I - Olfactory nerve

Saturday, October 8, 2016

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